The 2020 projected population for Hoima District is 374500 persons of which 187200 are Females and 187300 are Males, with a Population Growth Rate of 4.3 per annum. The total land area is 1,568.3 sq. kms resulting into a Population Density of 242.3 persons per sq. kms.
The population pyramid for 2019 shows that Hoima district has a young population 0-14 years (46%) as reflected in the population pyramid which is not sustainable but rather a burden in terms of levelling them with human development indicators. A youthful population means that the district’s population will continue to increase because of the large cohorts of young women entering their reproductive stage. This has serious implications, if the district has to change its population age structure. The youthful population poses a big challenge for sustainable development unless investment in it is done in a very deliberate and focused manner.
The productive age group comprised of 15-64 years is 51% and these support the needs of dependents but require employment, skills and access to good health care. The population aged 65+years is 3% which is considered non-productive but dependent and therefore needs social protection interventions for the older persons. Females in reproductive age group (15-49 years) are 24%.
Population Distribution by Sub County
Kigorobya Sub County has the highest population while Kigorobya Town council has the least,. Buseruka and Kyabigambire sub counties follow with 42,504 and 40,979 persons respectively.
Population Growth, Fertility Rate and Mortality Rate
During the period 2002 – 2014, the population of Hoima increased from 343,480 to 573,903 thousand, an increase of 230,423 over a period of 12 years. This gives a growth rate of 4.27 percent, which is slight decline from the rate of 4.73 observed between 1991 and 2002. Hoima’s high rate of population growth is mainly due to the high fertility levels (about six children per woman) that have been observed for the past four decades, combined with a faster decline in mortality levels, reflected by a decline in Infant and Childhood Mortality Rates as revealed by the Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys (UDHS) of 2006 and 2011.
The total fertility rate (TFR) for Hoima District has remained high at an average of about 6 children per woman, which is slightly lower than that at national level.
Mortality is measured by three major indicators i.e. Infant Mortality Rate, Maternal Mortality Rate and under five mortality rate. These rates have continued to decline over the years. The Infant Mortality Rate declined from 121 to 76 deaths per 1,000 live births between 2006 and 2014 and currently stands at 46 per per 1,000 live births. Under 5 mortality rate declined from 91 to 85 deaths per 1,000 live births over the same period (DHO’s Office) and stands at 68 per 1,000 live births.
The overall life expectancy at birth from 2002 census for Hoima District was 54.7 years for both sexes as compared to 57.2 for Uganda. There has been an improvement in the well-being of the population over the period from DDP I to DDP II as revealed by the overall life expectancy at birth in 2014 which was 65.9 years and particularly 64.7 and 67 years for male and female respectively. This is further evidenced by a reduction in the Poverty Head Count to 15.9% in 2020 from 24.3% in 2014.